COVID-19 Diagnostic Testing in Goregaon
Sept 15, 2020
Hirsutism Blood Test
Hirsutism is defined as the presence of terminal coarse hairs in females in a male-like distribution. It affects around 5-10% of women globally. Hirsutism represents a primary clinical indicator of androgen excess. Although most common cause of hirsutism is PCOS, that may not be the case with every patient.
Tests that measure the amount of certain hormones in your blood, including testosterone or testosterone-like hormones, might help determine whether elevated androgen levels are causing your hirsutism. Hirsutism is often treated with a combination of approaches, including oral contraceptives with or without an antiandrogen, such as spironolactone, to lower levels or block actions of androgen on hair follicles.
- 17 OH Progesterone
- D H E A S
- Di HydroTestosterone
- Free Androgen Index (FAI)
- Free Testosterone
17 OH Progesterone This test measures blood 17-OHP levels. This serum marker is unique that occurs due to decreased adrenal cortisol and aldosterone and increased male sex hormone (androgen) production.
This test determines level of Androstenedione in blood. One of several male sex hormones, Androstenedione is an androgen. It causes onset of sexual differentiation in females and males and the development of secondary male physical characteristics. Produced by the ovaries in women, the testicles in men, and by the adrenal glands in both.
D H E A S
This test measures the level of Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) in blood. DHEAS is an androgen that is present in both men and women. Raised DHEAS always indicates an adrenal cause, benign or malignant.
Women with too much dihydrotestosterone may develop increased body, facial and pubic hair growth (called hirsutism), stopping of menstrual periods (amenorrhoea) and increased acne. DHT is the primary androgen responsible for hair growth, synthesized from testosterone through enzyme 5α-reductase type 2. Hirsute females have increased 5α-reductase-activity in hair follicles.
Free Androgen Index (FAI)
The percentage ratio of total testosterone to SHBG concentration is called free androgen index (FAI). Research suggest Free androgen index may be a useful marker in hirsutism and PCOS instead of free testosterone, due to technical methodological difficulties (Kindi et al., 2012).
In women, testosterone levels are normally low. Increased testosterone levels can indicate PCOS, Ovarian or adrenal gland tumor, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Serum testosterone may be normal to increased in case of benign pathology as PCOS and CAH but would be definitely raised in case of malignant tumor of the adrenal or ovary.
LH/FSH greater than 3 is indicative of PCOS. Prolactin would be raised in hyperprolactinemia
Hypophyseal hypothyroidism can act as a cofactor in hirsutism causing raised TSH.
Lipid Profile Blood Test in Mumbai
Lipids are fats and fat-like substances that are important parts of cells and sources of energy. A lipid test measures the level of specific lipids in blood to help assess the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
A lipid profile is a blood test that measures the amount of cholesterol and fats called triglycerides in the blood. Normal lipid panel total cholesterol is 180 to 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or less. Between 201 and 240 mg/dL is considered borderline. This means your doctor may test you more often and suggest diet and lifestyle changes. A high reading (unhealthy) is greater than 240 mg/dL.
• Australia Antigen (HBsAg)
• Blood Group
• Blood Sugar Fasting
• Anti HCV
• CBC Com
• HIV I/II Antibodies
• HB Electrophoresis
• Urine Routine
• VDRL - Syphilis Test Automated
Phosphorus is a mineral that combines with other substances to form organic and inorganic phosphate compounds. The terms phosphorus and phosphate are often used interchangeably when talking about testing, but it is the amount of inorganic phosphate in the blood that is measured with a serum phosphorus/phosphate test. This test is done to evaluate the level of phosphorus in your blood and to aid in the diagnosis of conditions known to cause abnormally high or low levels of phosphorus
Cortisol is a hormone that plays a role in the metabolism of proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates.
T3+T4+TSH A group of tests that may be ordered together to help evaluate thyroid gland function and to help diagnose thyroid disorders.
- TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone) – to test for hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and to monitor treatment for a thyroid disorder
- This test helps evaluate thyroid gland function and to help diagnose thyroid disorders.
Uric Acid Uric acid is produced by the breakdown of purines. Higher than normal uric acid levels in the blood is called hyperuricemia
This test measures the levels of bilirubin in your urine. Bilirubin is a yellowish substance made during the body's normal process of breaking down red blood cells. Bilirubin is found in bile, a fluid in your liver that helps you digest food. If the liver is healthy, it will remove most of the bilirubin from the body but if the liver is damaged, bilirubin can leak into the blood and urine indicating liver disease.
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